Quick Answer: What Is Another Name For A Mid Ocean Ridge?

What happens in mid ocean ridge?

A mid-ocean ridge or mid-oceanic ridge is an underwater mountain range, formed by plate tectonics.

This uplifting of the ocean floor occurs when convection currents rise in the mantle beneath the oceanic crust and create magma where two tectonic plates meet at a divergent boundary..

What is the definition of a mid ocean ridge?

mid-ocean ridge. [ mĭd′ō′shən ] A long mountain range on the ocean floor, extending almost continuously through the North and South Atlantic Oceans, the Indian Ocean, and the South Pacific Ocean. A deep rift valley is located at its center, from which magma flows and forms new oceanic crust.

What is an example of a mid ocean ridge?

Mid-ocean ridges form where two tectonic plates are pulling apart, also called seafloor spreading. … The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which is spreading one to two inches a year, along with the East Pacific Rise, which is spreading two to six inches a year, are two examples of very long mid-ocean ridges.

How long is mid ocean ridge?

60,000 kilometersAt nearly 60,000 kilometers (37,000 miles) long, the mid-ocean is the longest mountain range on Earth. It formed and evolves as a result of spreading in Earth’s lithosphere—the crust and upper mantle—at the divergent boundaries between tectonic plates.

How far below the surface are mid ocean ridges?

The majority of the system is underwater, with an average water depth to the top of the ridge of 2,500 meters (8,200 feet). Mid-ocean ridges occur along divergent plate boundaries, where new ocean floor is created as the Earth’s tectonic plates spread apart.

Which two tectonic plates are separated by a mid ocean ridge?

Seafloor spreading occurs along mid-ocean ridges—large mountain ranges rising from the ocean floor. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, for instance, separates the North American plate from the Eurasian plate, and the South American plate from the African plate.

How fast is the Mid Atlantic Ridge spreading?

2 to 5 cm per yearThe Mid-Atlantic Ridge runs down the center of the Atlantic Ocean. It spread apart at rates of 2 to 5 cm per year, and at these relatively slow spreading rates, the ridge has a deep rift valley along its crest. The rift valley is 1 to 3 km deep, about the depth and width of the Grand Canyon.

Where is the Mid Ocean Ridge?

The Mid-Atlantic Ridge extends from south of Iceland to the extreme South Atlantic Ocean near 60° S latitude. It bisects the Atlantic Ocean basin, which led to the earlier designation of mid-ocean ridge for features of this type.

Which mid ocean ridge is spreading the slowest?

The Ridge is named after him, and the name was recognized in April 1987 by SCUFN (under that body’s old name, the Sub-Committee on Geographical Names and Nomenclature of Ocean Bottom Features). The ridge is the slowest known spreading ridge on earth, with a rate of less than one centimeter per year.

Which ocean is shrinking in size?

Pacific OceanSince subduction rates are much greater than the rates of producing new seafloor at the mid-oceanic ridges, simply because there are more spreading regions than subduction zones, the result is that the Pacific Ocean is shrinking on a geological time scale.

Why do volcanoes erupt at mid ocean ridges?

Beneath a typical mid-ocean ridge, mantle material partially melts as it rises in response to reduced pressure. … When magma pressure builds up enough to force its way out to the seafloor, eruption occurs. “Dikes” are magma-filled cracks and are the conduits that magmas flow through to reach the surface.

What type of rock is a mid ocean ridge?

basaltThe lava produced at the spreading centers is basalt , and is usually abbreviated MORB (for Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalt). MORB is by far the most common rock type on the Earth’s surface, as the entire ocean floor consists of it.

Where can you walk on the Mid Ocean Ridge?

Iceland represents the largest portion of the mid-Atlantic ridge exposed above sea level. Formed from volcanic eruptions on the Mid-Atlantic ridge, about 24 million years ago, it is one of the few places where you can stand on the ridge on dry land.

Why are mid ocean ridges elevated?

Since hot rocks are in a more expanded state and then contract as they cool (as they spread away from the ridge), the midocean ridges stand up high above the surrounding seafloor. The seafloor depth increases with distance away from the midocean ridges. The midocean ridges lie about 2.5 km below sea level.

What type of lava is erupted at mid ocean ridges?

basaltMid-Ocean Ridge Magmatism: By far, the dominant type of lava resulting from magmatic activity at mid-ocean ridges is basalt, also called mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB). However, small amounts of other extrusive magma types (predominantly andesite, dacite, and picrite) also erupt there.

What volcanoes form at mid ocean ridges?

Characteristics of submarine basaltic eruptions MID-OCEAN RIDGES, NEAR-RIDGE SEAMOUNTS, HOT SPOT VOLCANOES, CALIFORNIA MARGIN SEAMOUNTS – Basaltic volcanism in the deep oceans has long been thought to consist of quietly effusive discharge of lava to form pillow, lobate, and sheet flows.

Why are rocks next to the Mid Ocean Ridge younger than those farther away from the ridges?

How did scientists discover that rocks farther away from the mid-ocean ridge were older that those near the ridge? Oceanic crust near the mid-ocean ridge is younger than the crust farther from the ridge. … The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle.

How old is the Mid Atlantic Ridge?

Fission-track dating of basaltic glass from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge gives results which are consistent with the proposal of ocean-floor spreading. Solidification ages from ~10,000 years to ~300,000 years were measured.