Quick Answer: What Are The 8 Major Tectonic Plates?

What Causes Earthquake?

An earthquake is caused by a sudden slip on a fault.

When the stress on the edge overcomes the friction, there is an earthquake that releases energy in waves that travel through the earth’s crust and cause the shaking that we feel.

In California there are two plates – the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate..

What are 2 types of tectonic plates?

The two types of tectonic plates are continental and oceanic tectonic plates.

Which tectonic plates are oceanic?

An example of an oceanic plate is the Pacific Plate, which extends from the East Pacific Rise to the deep-sea trenches bordering the western part of the Pacific basin. A continental plate is exemplified by the North American Plate, which includes North America as well as the oceanic crust…

What are the major tectonic plates?

There are seven major plates: African, Antarctic, Eurasian, Indo-Australian, North American, Pacific and South American. The Hawaiian Islands were created by the Pacific Plate, which is the world’s largest plate at 39,768,522 square miles.

How many major and minor tectonic plates are there?

Most of the Earth is covered by seven major plates and another eight or so minor plates. The seven major plates include the African, Antarctic, Eurasian, North American, South American, India-Australian, and the Pacific plates. Some of the minor plates include the Arabian, Caribbean, Nazca, and Scotia plates.

How thick are tectonic plates?

125km thickPlates are on average 125km thick, reaching maximum thickness below mountain ranges. Oceanic plates (50-100km) are thinner than the continental plates (up to 200km) and even thinner at the ocean ridges where the temperatures are higher.

Where are the world’s tectonic plates?

The nine major plates are North American, Pacific, Eurasian, African, Indo-Australian, Australian, Indian, South American and Antarctic. The largest plate is the Pacific Plate at 39,768,522 square miles (103,000,000 square kilometers). Most of it is located under the ocean.

Are continents the same as plates?

In the Theory of Plate Tectonics, it is tectonic plates, rather than continents, which are moving. Tectonic plates are pieces of the lithosphere and crust, which float on the asthenosphere. There are currently seven plates that make up most of the continents and the Pacific Ocean.

Where are the earth’s plates located?

The outermost part of Earth’s structure is known as the lithosphere. The lithosphere consists of the crust and small portion of the upper mantle. The lithosphere is divided into a number of tectonic plates. These plates move and interact with one another, driven by convectional forces within the Earth.

Where do the most violent earthquakes on Earth take place?

Where do earthquakes occur?The world’s greatest earthquake belt, the circum-Pacific seismic belt, is found along the rim of the Pacific Ocean, where about 81 percent of our planet’s largest earthquakes occur. … The Alpide earthquake belt extends from Java to Sumatra through the Himalayas, the Mediterranean, and out into the Atlantic.More items…

How many major tectonic plates do we have?

seven majorTogether, the crust and the upper part of the mantle form the lithosphere, Earth’s solid outer shell. This rocky, brittle layer is broken up into seven major and several minor tectonic plates (also known as lithospheric plates) that fit together like puzzle pieces.

What causes the tectonic plates to move?

The plates can be thought of like pieces of a cracked shell that rest on the hot, molten rock of Earth’s mantle and fit snugly against one another. The heat from radioactive processes within the planet’s interior causes the plates to move, sometimes toward and sometimes away from each other.

What is the fastest moving plate?

The Cocos and Nazca plates (in the pacific ocean) are right now the quickest, moving at over 10 cm/yr. However typical plate movements are less quick, at rates about 2-3 cm/yr.

How fast do tectonic plates move?

They move at a rate of one to two inches (three to five centimeters) per year.

Where is the Ring of Fire?

Pacific OceanThe Ring of Fire (also known as the Rim of Fire or the Circum-Pacific belt) is a major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.

What are the 13 major plates of the world?

MicroplatesAfrican Plate. Lwandle Plate – A mainly oceanic tectonic microplate off the southeast coast of Africa. … Antarctic Plate. Kerguelen Plateau – Oceanic plateau in the southern Indian Ocean. … Australian Plate. … Caribbean Plate. … Cocos Plate. … Eurasian Plate. … Nazca Plate. … North American Plate.More items…

What are the 12 major tectonic plates?

Primary platesAfrican plate.Antarctic plate.Indo-Australian plate.North American plate.Pacific plate.South American plate.Eurasian plate.

Which is the smallest tectonic plate?

Juan de Fuca PlateOne of the smallest of Earth’s tectonic plates, the Juan de Fuca Plate is a remnant part of the once-vast Farallon Plate, which is now largely subducted underneath the North American Plate.