Quick Answer: How Old Is The Mid Atlantic Ridge?

What is the slowest spreading ocean?

The Gakkel Mid-Ocean Ridge (MOR) is the slowest spreading center on the planet with full-spreading rates between 1.33 cm/yr along the Greenland end to 0.63 cm/yr along the Siberian end..

How old is the Mid Ocean Ridge?

The two parts of the oceanic plate are pulled apart, and magnetic stripes become older as they move away from the mid-ocean ridge. The figure shows the spreading ridge about 5 million years ago (a), about 2 to 3 million years ago (b) and nowadays (c).

Which mid ocean ridge is spreading the slowest?

The Ridge is named after him, and the name was recognized in April 1987 by SCUFN (under that body’s old name, the Sub-Committee on Geographical Names and Nomenclature of Ocean Bottom Features). The ridge is the slowest known spreading ridge on earth, with a rate of less than one centimeter per year.

How long ago was it when Africa was directly at or near the mid Atlantic Ridge?

96 million years ago96 million years ago, Africa was directly at/or near the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

What happens when two oceanic plates collide?

When two oceanic plates converge, the denser plate will end up sinking below the less dense plate, leading to the formation of an oceanic subduction zone. … Whenever a subduction zone is formed, the subducted plate will end up being partially melted by the earth’s internal magma and molten.

Where are the oldest rocks on Earth found?

The Nuvvuagittuq Belt on the coast of the Hudson Bay in Northern Quebec. Scientists have found the oldest known rocks on Earth. They are 4.28 billion years old, making them 250 million years more ancient than any previously discovered rocks.

What do you expect to find at a mid ocean ridge?

Along the mid ocean ridge, we can find the rift valley. … A rift valley is formed on a divergent plate boundary, a crustal extension or spreading apart of the surface, which is subsequently further deepened by the forces of erosion.

What is an example of mid ocean ridge?

Mid-ocean ridges form where two tectonic plates are pulling apart, also called seafloor spreading. … The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which is spreading one to two inches a year, along with the East Pacific Rise, which is spreading two to six inches a year, are two examples of very long mid-ocean ridges.

When was the mid Atlantic ridge formed?

200 million years agoThe MAR began to form 200 million years ago when the future American, African and European continents, still formed the Pangea. As this great continent was separated in fractions based on three tectonic plates (Nubia, American and Eurasian) the Atlantic Ocean began to form.

How tall is the Mid Atlantic Ridge?

2,351 mMid-Atlantic Ridge/Elevation

Where is the youngest crust on Earth?

The youngest crust of the ocean floor can be found near the seafloor spreading centers or mid-ocean ridges. As the plates split apart, magma rises from below the Earth’s surface to fill in the empty void.

What caused the mid Atlantic Ridge?

The Mid Atlantic Ridge, like other ocean ridge systems, has developed as a consequence of the divergent motion between the Eurasian and North American, and African and South American Plates. … In this way, as the plates move further apart new ocean lithosphere is formed at the ridge and the ocean basin gets wider.

What erupts through the valley of the mid ocean ridge?

What erupts through the valley of the mid ocean ridge? … At mid ocean ridge, molten material rises from the mantle and erupts. The molten material then spreads you out, pushing older rock to both sides of the ridge.

Where does the old crust go?

The oldest crust is at edges of the ocean. One place where the crust is the oldest is at edge of a subduction zone. It is here that the oldest ocean crust is pushed under a continental crust and destroyed. In the image below, the oldest oceanic crust is pink/purple.

What is the difference between Rift Valley and Mid Ocean Ridge?

A rift valley is different from a mid ocean with respect to the tectonic plates. There realistically is a rift valley if the secure border is typically discovered between two continental plates. A mid-oceanic ridge is naturally produced if two oceanic plates naturally start moving away from each other. …