Question: What Are Some Common Viral Infections?

What is a common virus?

When most people hear the word “virus,” they think of disease-causing (pathogenic) viruses such as the common cold, influenza, chickenpox, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), SARS-CoV-2 and others.

Viruses can affect many areas in the body, including the reproductive, respiratory, and gastrointestinal systems..

What is the fastest way to get rid of a viral infection?

But you can find relief faster with these smart moves.Take it easy. When you’re sick, your body works hard to fight off that infection. … Go to bed. Curling up on the couch helps, but don’t stay up late watching TV. … Drink up. … Gargle with salt water. … Sip a hot beverage. … Have a spoonful of honey.

What are the four types of infection?

Types of infectionsViral infections. Viruses are very tiny infectious organisms. … Bacterial infections. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms. … Fungal infections. Fungi are another diverse group of organisms that can include things like yeasts and molds. … Parasitic infections. … Prions.

How do you fight a viral infection?

For most viral infections, treatments can only help with symptoms while you wait for your immune system to fight off the virus. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are antiviral medicines to treat some viral infections. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases.

What are 3 common viruses?

These include:smallpox.the common cold and different types of flu.measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, and shingles.hepatitis.herpes and cold sores.polio.rabies.Ebola and Hanta fever.More items…•

How do doctors know if it’s viral or bacterial?

Diagnosis of Bacterial and Viral Infections But your doctor may be able to determine the cause by listening to your medical history and doing a physical exam. If necessary, they also can order a blood or urine test to help confirm a diagnosis, or a “culture test” of tissue to identify bacteria or viruses.

How do you tell if it’s viral or bacterial?

Bacterial InfectionsSymptoms persist longer than the expected 10-14 days a virus tends to last.Fever is higher than one might typically expect from a virus.Fever gets worse a few days into the illness rather than improving.

What are the most common viral infections?

The most common types of viral hepatitis are hepatitis A, B, and C. It is worth noting that diseases caused by other viruses, such as cytomegalovirus and the yellow fever virus, can also affect the liver….Hepatic viral diseaseshepatitis A.hepatitis B.hepatitis C.hepatitis D.hepatitis E.

Which of the following is an example of a viral infection?

Viral infections include: the common cold, which mainly occurs due to rhinovirus, coronavirus, and adenovirus. encephalitis and meningitis, resulting from enteroviruses and the herpes simplex virus (HSV), as well as West Nile Virus. warts and skin infections, for which HPV and HSV are responsible.

How can you tell if you have a viral infection?

A viral culture may take several weeks to show results. Viral DNA or RNA detection test. Using a sample of tissue or blood or other fluid (such as spinal fluid), this type of test looks for the genetic material (DNA or RNA) of a specific virus. This test can show the exact virus causing an infection.

What are the top 5 common viral infections?

Other common viral diseases include:Chickenpox.Flu (influenza)Herpes.Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS)Human papillomavirus (HPV)Infectious mononucleosis.Mumps, measles and rubella.Shingles.More items…

How long is a virus contagious for?

Most people will be infectious for around 2 weeks. Symptoms are usually worse during the first 2 to 3 days, and this is when you’re most likely to spread the virus.

Do viral infections go away on their own?

Most viral infections tend to resolve on their own without treatment so any treatment generally is aimed at providing relief from symptoms like pain, fever and cough. How are they spread? Both viral and bacterial infections are spread in similar ways: Coughing and sneezing.

What are the two most common viruses?

TABLE 1Organism or infectionNo. (%) of patients positive by:Total no. of patients (%)Virus antigen detectionInfluenza A virus6 (3)10 (5)Influenza B virus2 (1)2 (1)Adenovirus1 (0.5)2 (1)17 more rows